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1 Samuel 18-20: Love for the Future King Print E-mail
1 Samuel
Sunday, 11 June 2017

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One of the greatest blessings that God has given us is our relationships with one another as followers of Christ. The local church is a gift to believers. Sometimes that can be hard to see due to difficulties and hardships in the body, but we should not lose sight of it. God has given us brothers and sisters in Christ to encourage us and pray for us and laugh with us and cry with us. He has given them to remind us that we are never alone and that we can have victory through Jesus. Of course, we should also remember that we are a gift to others. We should be committed to encouraging others with our gifts and investment of time so that they too will be blessed. We should treasure these relationships as great gifts from God.

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David was blessed through his relationships with others. The Lord uses various means to protect and provide for David throughout his life, but one of the ways He does this is through Davidís relationships with others. We see that in our text this morning. Three times in chapter 18 we are told that the Lord was with David. Look at verses 12, 14, and 18. God is with the future king. And we see evidence of this blessing through some of the relationships that David had with others. I just want to consider four of those in our time together this morning and see how God is providing for David through these relationships.
 
The support of the people

After David defeated Goliath (ch. 17), his fame and popularity continued to grow. Chapter 18 begins with his relationship with Jonathan, which we will consider in a moment, but it also notes how much the people in general supported David. Look at verse 5. Saul makes David a leader in his army and the people see that as a good thing. When David comes back from the battle with the Philistines, the women are singing songs about him. Look at verses 6-9. Of course, King Saul was not too happy with the lyrics of this particular song. His jealousy and anger toward David will grow and grow. He will repeatedly seek to have David killed, even as he does in the next few verses. But the people love David. Look at verses 12-16. Saul was full of jealousy and anger and fear towards David, but the people loved him and supported him. The Lord will use this support to protect David and provide for him in times of need.
 
The marriage to Michal

One particular relationship that the Lord uses to protect David in our passage is his marriage to Michal, Saulís daughter. If you remember, Saul had promised his daughter to David in marriage for defeating Goliath. Yet, when the time comes, David is too humble to marry into the kingís family. So the oldest daughter of Saul is married to someone else.
 
Yet, Michal, the younger daughter, loves David. Look at verse 20. Saul decides to try and use this marriage to his advantage against David. At first, David refuses again to marry into the kingís family, but eventually he is persuaded when Saul names the bridal price: the death of 100 Philistines. Of course, Saulís hope is that David himself will die trying to kill that many Philistines, but the Lord protects him. In fact, David doubles the bridal price and kills 200 Philistines to marry Michal. (So much for table settings and fine China!) The whole plan backfires against Saul. Look at verses 28-30. No matter what Saul tries to do, the Lord keeps protecting and providing for David, even using Saulís own daughter.
 
This is even more plain in chapter 19, when Michal saves Davidís life. Saul decides to be more direct and just have David killed, but Jonathan intercedes (verses 1-7). Yet, when David has more and more military success (verse 8) and the harmful spirit returns to Saul, he once agains tries to have David killed. David escapes and flees to his house, but Saul sends his men to finish the job. At this point Michal steps in. Look at verses 11-17. Michal helps David sneak out and tricks the men of Saul into thinking that David is sick. What is interesting is that Michal used idols to trick the servants of her father. Such a detail perhaps reveals Michalís idolatry. Even so, the Lord uses her to protect His anointed, the future king of Israel.
 
The Spirit of God through Samuel

After David escapes with Michalís help, he flees to Samuel, who takes him in. Look at 19:18. Samuel was willing to protect David even at risk to his own life. And something unexpected happens when Saul sends his men to kill David. Look at verses 19-20. The Spirit of God stops these men from carrying out their mission. When Saul sends more men, the same thing happens to them. Finally, Saul decides to go and kill David himself, but the Spirit prevents him as well. The Spirit will not let anything happen to the Lordís anointed. At times the Lord uses individuals, but in this case as David is dwelling with Samuel, His own Spirit protects David. It is an example of direct Divine intervention in Davidís life. He uses Samuel and the others, but we also see that He can work directly as well.
 
The friendship of Jonathan

The primary relationship that is emphasized in all of these chapters is Davidís friendship with Jonathan. As soon as the fight with Goliath is over, Jonathan makes a covenant with David. Look at 18:1-4. Jonathan swore allegiance to David, even giving him his own clothes which symbolized his authority and future reign. In chapter 19, Jonathan defends David to his father, King Saul. He reminds him of Davidís victory over Goliath and the Philistines and pleads with him not to shed innocent blood, which convinces Saul for the moment.
In chapter 20, we see another example of Jonathanís covenant commitment to David. After Saul is left prophesying with Samuel, David flees to Jonathanís house. When he tells Jonathan of all that Saul has done, they decide to test to see if Saul is really intent on killing David, which Jonathan still struggles to believe. The plan is to see how the king responds when David does not show up for the feast. If the king responds well, then David will be safe. But if the king responds in anger, then they both will know that Davidís life is in danger.
 
Yet, before the feast plays out, we hear again Jonathanís commitment to David. Look at verses 12-17. Jonathan is committed to protect David from his own father, the king. He is willing to give up his future reign, which perhaps he knows has already been lost, for the sake of the future king. He asks David to not cut off his own family, a promise that David will later keep after Jonathanís death. These brothers have a genuine love for one another. And God uses this relationship to protect His anointed.
 
After they work out some details on how Jonathan will communicate with David after he has spoken with his father, the feast begins. On the first day, Saul does not make that much of Davidís absence. But on the second day, he questions Jonathan. When Jonathan answers that David is not coming, Saul is furious. Look at verses 30-31. Saul cannot believe that Jonathan would willingly give up his claim to the kingdom to let David be king. He is enraged at Jonathan for such an act. But Jonathan will not turn on David. Look at verses 32-34. Things were now clear to Jonathan. His father wanted to kill his best friend and was even willing to kill him for supporting David. This angered Jonathan and he left the feast to go and warn David. After he tells him what happened, we see again their love for one another. Look at verses 40-42. These men loved each other. Not in some inappropriate way, but with true love for the well being of the other. They were willing to risk and make sacrifices for one another. And the Lord used this relationship to protect David from Saul.
 
Conclusion
The Lord used Davidís relationships with others to provide for and protect His future king. These relationships were a gift to David and were used of God in his life. Of course, the first question we must ask of ourselves in light of these chapters is how have we responded to the Lordís Anointed in our day? Future king David prepares us for future king Jesus. And just like David, people either loved Jesus or they hated him. They either followed Him or fought to have Him killed. How will you respond to Jesus. Will you love Him like Jonathan loved David. Will you give up your rights, turn from your sins, and believe in the sacrifice that He made at the cross. Through repentance and faith in His death and resurrection, you can have your sins forgiven, enter into the new covenant with God, and be a friend of the King. I pray you will do that today.
 
If you have a relationship with Christ and are a friend of the King, then let me encourage you in two ways this morning. First, see the relationships that God has given you in the church as gifts from Him. It is not always perfect, but the Lord has blessed you with brothers and sisters in Christ who love and care about you. Often God will use them to provide and protect and make you more like Jesus. Second, commit your time and resources to be a blessing to others in this local body. God is using you to be a blessing to others. Do all that you can to love them and help them be more like Jesus. May we use and be used of God in our relationships to build up the Body of Christ. Amen.
 

~ William Marshall ~

 
Last Updated ( Sunday, 18 June 2017 )

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