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The Person and Work of Christ - Resurrected Print E-mail
The Person and Work of Christ

I.  Introduction:

On our final night of considering the Person of Christ, I want to ask this question: what does the Bible teach us about Jesus’ Person after the resurrection? Before we jump into answering that question, let me make a couple of clarifying statements. We are not yet asking the questions ‘what has He done, what is He doing, and what will He do?’ No, we are still considering who Jesus is according to the teaching of the New Testament. As we will see when we move to answering the questions concerning Jesus’ work, His person and His work go hand in hand. For example, as we saw last week, the fact that He is fully God and fully man (person) uniquely qualifies Him to serve as the Mediator between God and man (work). Thus, I do not want to communicate that Jesus’ person and work are completely separate. Rather, I want us to see along the way how they actually go together. Tonight, again, we are looking at what the Bible teaches about the Person of Christ after the resurrection.

II. The Baptist Faith and Message

As we have already noted, the Baptist Faith and Message affirms that Jesus ‘is the eternal Son of God.’ Thus, after the resurrection He is still the Son of God (for more on this, see Conclusion). It goes on to say that Christ ‘was raised from the dead with a glorified body and appeared to his disciples as the person who was with them before His crucifixion.’ This statement affirms two truths: Jesus was still Jesus after the resurrection, only now He has a glorified body (for more on this see below). As we pointed out last week, the Baptist Faith and Message states that Jesus is ‘now exalted at the right hand of God where He is the One Mediator, fully God, fully man, in whose Person is effected the reconciliation between God and man.’ Thus, it teaches that after His resurrection Christ is still fully God and fully man and that He is exalted at the right hand of the Father.

III. Passages:

A. Matthew 28:9-10, 16-17 Each of the Gospels speak of Jesus’ resurrection, so I want to look at what they say briefly. Here, Matthew tells us that they took hold of His feet and worshiped Him, which indicates His body was still physical in one sense and that He accepted worship.

B. Mark 16:9-14 Because the earliest manuscripts do not include these verses, I don’t want to build too much on them, but I will point them out. Christ appeared to Mary and she knew Him even though the others did not believe. Then we are told that he appeared in another form to two of them. We are not told any details, but they still seemed to know that it was Him since they told the others. Then we are told that he appeared to the rest of the disciples.

C. Luke 24:13-53 This is a lengthy passage, so I will simply point out the verses of interest. First, we are told that the two disciples were not able to recognize Him because their eyes were kept from it (v. 16). They did not recognize Him until He broke bread with them (v. 30-31, v. 35). At that point we are told that He vanished from their sight, which is taken in different ways by various commentators. That He was more than just a spirit is emphasized in verses 36-43. Look at those with me. The section closes with Jesus speaking to them about Him being the fulfillment of the promises of the coming Messiah, His charge for them to proclaim this good news, and His ascension.

D. John 20:14-29, 21:4-19 Again, for time’s sake, let me just make a few points here. Mary saw Jesus but did not recognize Him at first until He called her by name. When Jesus appeared to the disciples, John notes that the doors were locked and Jesus came and stood among them. Again, various interpreters take this differently. Jesus shows them His hands and His side here as well. Later Thomas is allowed to touch the marks that the nails and the spear left, to which he responds with worship. In chapter 21, John tells us about Jesus appearing to them on the shore and having breakfast with them. I also want to point out that the disciples address Jesus as the Lord here and in the other Gospel passages as well.

E. Acts 1:6-9, 9:3-10 At the ascension, we see that Jesus is taken up into the clouds and out of their sight. On the road to Damascus, we see Jesus coming to Paul and calling him into service and Paul addressing Him as Lord.

F. 1 Corinthians 15:20, 42-44, 50-53 I read these verses to show us that Christ was raised from the dead with a glorified body, which Paul is describing in more detail here.

G. Ephesians 1:22-23, 5:23 I read these to point out that Paul describes Jesus as the Head of the Church (see also Colossians 1:18 and others).

H. Philippians 2:9-11 Paul tells us that the Father has exalted Christ that every tongue will confess that He is Lord.

I. Revelation 1:17-18, 5:1-14 Jesus tells John behold I am alive forevermore. We also see in chapter 5 that He is seated at the right hand of the Father and is worshipped in Heaven.

IV. Implications:

A. After the resurrection, Jesus is fully man with a glorified body. We have to be careful to not try and read too much in to the Gospel accounts of Jesus’ glorified body. We are simply not given all the details about our glorified bodies, but we do see that Jesus clearly has one after His resurrection. His scars from His death remain, reminding us for all eternity of His love and sacrifice. Because we see that He is truly, physically raised from the dead, we know that He is worthy of our hope for resurrection.

B. After the resurrection, Jesus is fully God, exalted at the right hand of the Father. Several passages in the New Testament teach us that Jesus now sits at the right hand of God. He is indeed fully God and fully worthy of all of our worship and devotion. Thus, in His One Person, He remains fully God and fully man.

C. After the resurrection, Jesus is the Head of the Church, exercising His authority over all. The Apostles took their lead from Christ. The good news that they proclaimed was His death, burial, and resurrection. Paul received his call and instruction from Jesus. He presently resides as Head of the Church and is worthy of our full submission to His commands.

V. Conclusion:

One question that may be troubling you after we spent these last three weeks talking about the Person of Christ is this: did the Person of Christ change? In one sense, we must answer no. Hebrews 13:8 tells us that Jesus never changes. He is the eternal Son of God. Yet, at the same time, we must say that there was a time in history when Jesus took on flesh and became a man. Before that time, He was not a man and after that time, He was and always will be.

In the book that we are studying in our men’s study, Packer states: “when the Son took to himself all the powers and capacities for experience that belong to human nature and began to live through his human body, mind, and identity, his sense of being the Father’s Son was unaffected.” Thus, He became a man and remained unchanged (and unchanging) as the Father’s Son. Therefore, we can affirm that He is now fully God and fully man, the glorious Head of the Church, who gave His life as her ransom. Surely He is worthy of all our hope and all our praise and all our service. Amen.

Last Updated ( Thursday, 06 November 2008 )

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