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The Person and Work of Christ - Humanity and Deity Print E-mail
The Person and Work of Christ

I.  Introduction:

 In continuing to consider the Person of Christ, tonight we want to discuss His two natures: full humanity and full deity. I cannot overemphasize the importance of these doctrines. Listen to Grudem’s conclusion: “The fact that the infinite, omnipotent, eternal Son of God could become a man and join himself to human nature forever, so that infinite God became one person with finite man, will remain for eternity the most profound miracle and the most profound mystery in all the universe.” Thus, tonight we are diving into ‘the most profound miracle and the most profound mystery in all the universe.’ By God’s grace, may we better understand the Person of Christ so that we might better serve and worship our Savior.conclude with some implications from the passages.

II. The Baptist Faith and Message

As we saw last week, the Baptist Faith and Message affirms that Christ is the eternal Son of God. It goes on from there to describe His work in the incarnation and states that He ‘perfectly revealed and did the will of God, taking upon Himself human nature with its demands and necessities and identifying Himself completely with mankind yet without sin.’ Later it affirms that He is now ‘exalted at the right hand of God where He is the One Mediator, fully God, fully man, in whose Person is effected the reconciliation between God and man.’ Thus, it clearly affirms both the full humanity and the full deity of the One Person of Christ.

III. Passages:

A. The Humanity of Christ

1. Luke 1:26-35, 2:7 Many passages in the New Testament affirm that Mary, the virgin, gave birth to Jesus Christ. Of course much could be said concerning the virgin birth and its impact on Christ’s humanity and deity (for more see below). Yet, I am simply pointing out at this point that Jesus was born as a human.

2. Luke 2:40, 52 Not only was Jesus born as a man, but He grew physically and mentally as a man as well. Yes, in one sense He was omniscient, knowing all things. But the text also tells us that he increased in wisdom as a man growing up would.

3. Matthew 4:1-2 When Jesus fasted for forty days, Matthew tells us that He became hungry.

4. John 4:6 Other passages similar to this one make it clear that Jesus got tired and needed rest. The next verse also tells us that He got thirsty.

5. Mark 14:32-34 Jesus experienced a range of emotions. Here we see Him being troubled and distressed over the coming crucifixion.

6. John 19:28-37 Jesus truly died. The whole crucifixion reveals the humanity of Christ. When they pierced Him, He bled. When they beat Him, He bruised. And when they hung Him on a cross, He suffocated and died. He was indeed fully man.

7. 1 Timothy 2:5 The Apostle Paul also affirms the humanity of Christ as the mediator between God and men.

8. Conclusion: Many other passages could be cited to show that Jesus was truly a man, who came in the flesh. He experienced hunger and thirst. He grew in wisdom and stature. He knew joy and sorrow. Ultimately, as all men will, He tasted death. Jesus was indeed truly man.

B. The Deity of Christ

1. Isaiah 9:6 Isaiah prophecies that the coming Messiah will be named Mighty God. Since we believe Christ to be the fulfillment of this prophecy, we see that it points to His divinity.

2. John 1:1 John makes it clear that the Word who became flesh (Jesus) was with God (in the beginning), and the Word was God. Although some try to argue that this should be translated ‘a god,’ the predicate nominative rule in Greek actually rules this out. Thus, John tells us in the first verse of his Gospel that Jesus is fully divine. He repeats this in 1:18.

3. Luke 1:35 We have already noted that the virgin birth of Christ points to His humanity, since He was born of a woman as all men are. Yet, it also points to His divinity since Mary conceived through the power of the Holy Spirit. Thus, in the virgin birth, we see both His humanity and His divinity.

4. Luke 2:11 The angels tell the Shepherds that Jesus is the Lord, which is a name that is often used in the Greek translation of the Old Testament to refer to God (see 2:15).

5. Matthew 3:3 John the Baptist applies Isaiah’s prophecy about the Lord coming among His people to Christ.

6. John 8:58 We looked at this passage last week, so let me just say here that Christ clearly claims to be the great I AM, the name of God that was revealed to Moses (see Exodus 3).

7. Colossians 1:15-20 Paul teaches us that in Christ all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell, pointing again to the deity of Christ.

8. Conclusion: Obviously, many more passages could be pointed to for affirming the deity of Christ. This is a truth taught throughout the pages of the New Testament.

IV. Implications

A. Jesus is one person with two natures. I will not go in to all of the controversy surrounding the person and natures of Christ, but we want to simply affirm what the above passages teach. Jesus was one person. He is not referred to as plural. Yet, he did have two natures: fully man and fully God. As Grudem stated in his conclusion (see above) this is truly a profound mystery. Yet, it is not impossible or irrational. No, it is simply beyond our comprehension, which makes sense when we remember that we are talking about God. The Bible clearly teaches the humanity and deity of Christ. Thus, we affirm it.

B. Jesus is uniquely qualified to serve as the Mediator between God and men. Our sins demanded a payment. Yet, not just any payment would do. The sacrifice of animals could never pay for our sins. Only a perfect man could be an acceptable sacrifice and no man qualified, save One. Jesus was truly man and truly divine. We will look at this more closely when we talk about the work of Christ, but I wanted to point it out here to show the significance of Jesus, the Son of God, coming in the flesh. Only He could atone for our sins, which is exactly what He did at Calvary.

V. Conclusion:

As with the doctrine of God, we will continue to see how all of this teaching on Christ comes together. Tonight our goal was to simply teach and affirm what the Bible teaches about the two natures of Christ. He is truly man and truly God. What a glorious Savior we serve!!

 ~ William Marshall ~

Last Updated ( Thursday, 30 October 2008 )

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